Discover Historic Rolling Mill PDF Print E-mail
Appalachian Culture - Appalachian Culture
Written by Chris Stevens   
Wednesday, 16 March 2016 20:36

DISCOVER HISTORIC ROLLING MILL: The Architect Designed Homes by Wright Butler (227 Cecelia Street; 408 & 410 Park Street); by Aaron May (404 Park Street);  and by J.S. Seibert (404 Park Street)

227 Cecelia Street Wright Butler


The City of Cumberland and the Cumberland Economic Development Corporation, an instrumentality of City government, plan to demolish portions of the historic Rolling Mill neighborhood to build incompatible and economically unsustainable low-density sprawl. Proponents of demolition have suggested that the buildings are not historic; so in an effort to better understand what may be lost, we’ll be sharing short stories about many of these threatened properties.


227 Cecelia Street, designed by Wright Butler


Although most of the houses in the historic Rolling Mill neighborhood are builder-type, pattern book architecture, local architects designed a number of outstanding homes here. Renowned local architect, Wright Butler, was born as the son of a furniture manufacturer. Butler studied architecture at the Maryland Institute of Baltimore for three years beginning in 1888. At the Institute, Butler familiarized himself with fashionable architectural styles of the time like Richardsonian Romanesque and Queen Anne Architecture. Upon his return to Cumberland in 1891, the young architect opened an office, working mainly on residential designs. In 1893, Butler received his first large commission, the Allegany County Courthouse on Washington Street. Other impressive Butler designs in Cumberland include: the Cumberland Masonic Temple, the Cumberland Liberty Bank Building, the George Troug House on Baltimore Avenue, and Butler's own personal home at 205 Columbia Street which is listed on the National Register and is currently for sale! 


Wright Butler designed the 2-story brick house at 227 Cecelia Street for Jonathan Dodd in 1912. Another version of the gable house, this architect-designed house sports a heavily articulated gable in the attic story. The gable is the prominent element in this house as it is in many Rolling Mill homes. It sports slate shingles in both rectangular and diamond-shaped patterns and a Palladian window. Butler included the over-sized double hung windows that he preferred in this period. The porch has been altered with the addition of a new brick porch.


Aaron May, was a popular local builder who frequently worked with prominent local architects like Butler and George Sansbury. He built two Butler designs, the Dime 212 Cecelia Street Aaron MaySavings Bank at 76 Baltimore Street and the Commercial Savings Bank at 55 N. Liberty Street, for example. He also built a number of homes in Rolling Mill. The house he built at 212 Cecelia Street for Louis Ward is typical of many homes built between 1907 and 1911 in Cumberland. Built of exposed concrete block, which Wright Butler is believed to have first introduced to Cumberland, this 2-story concrete block house is another example of the gable house.                      


                                                                                                    212 Cecelia St. designed by Wright Butler and built by Aaron May


Park Street opposite the now demolished Queen City Station was the home of many solid, middle-class citizens of Cumberland. Handsome two to three-story houses line the east side of the street. Wright Butler-designed both houses at 408 and 410 Park Street.


408 Park Street Wright Butler

408 Park Street, designed by Wright Butler




J.S. Seibert designed 404 Park Street. J.S. Seibert, a civil engineering graduate of Lehigh University, operated a substantial architectural practice in Cumberland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Other impressive Seibert designs in Cumberland include: Rosenbaum’s Department Store on Baltimore Street and the McKaig Mansion at 528 Washington Street. The Butler and Siebert houses contribute to a pleasing streetscape. Employing gables, slate, dormers, wood, stone, and brick, these two architects accomplished harmonious groupings which possess variety and interesting details which give some indication of the earlier grandeur of Park Street.


404 Park Street J.S.Seibert


                                                                                                         404 Park Street, designed by J.S.Seibert




Unfortunately, the demolition plans for this neighborhood appear to extend to these historic architect designed homes as well. The plans call for new construction and surface parking in their place.










410 Park Street Wright Butler

410 Park St designed by Wright Butler



1. Maryland Historical Trust Inventory Form for State Historic Sites Survey for Rolling Mill -AL-IV-A-140

2. The Wright Butler House.

3. Wright Butler.

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